Aloe vera is a species of succulent plant that is believed to have originated in the Sudan. It is frequently used in herbal medicine, and there is some evidence that it may be useful in treating wounds and burn healing. In a letter to Freckle, Rocky once asked that Freckle wish him Aloe vera while he was employed as a grill cook.
An amygdala is a portion of the brain. In "Vaudevillian", after Asa jokingly asks Mordecai whether he arranged the pieces of his victims in alphabetical order, Mordecai dryly replies that, "'A' is for amygdala".
An arraignment is a formal reading of a criminal complaint to inform a party accused of a crime of the charges against them. In response, the accused is expected to enter a plea. During an arraignment the presiding judge determines at what amount, if any, to set bail. After Zib and Virgil are arrested, Dom Drago informs them that they will probably be unable to find a judge to arraign them until after the holiday weekend.
Bail is some form of property given to a court to persuade it to release a suspect from jail, on the understanding that the suspect will return for trial or forfeit the bail. After Zib and Virgil are arrested, Zib intends to use cash he received from Mitzi to pay bail for them.
Bakelite or polyoxybenzylmethylenglycolanhydride is a plastic that was developed in 1907 by Belgian chemist Leo Baekeland. According to Mordecai in "Interloper", Mitzi's purse is made from Bakelite.
A bench warrant authorizes the immediate on-sight arrest of an individual.. At the time of "Misdemeanor", Zib has an outstanding bench warrant due to his failure to make a court date after being picked up at a hop house.
Bevo was a non-alcholic malt beverage brewed in the United States by Anheuser-Busch and popular during Prohibition. Production ended in 1929. Mitzi, Rocky, Freckle, Asa and Mordecai are offered Bevo while they gather for lunch at the Bevo Mill in "Heartstrings".
The Bolsheviks were a faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party and eventually became the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. They came to power in Russia in 1917. In "Defiance", Rocky expresses his belief that everyone, except the Bolsheviks, likes pie.
A Bunny Hug is an alcoholic beverage combining gin, whiskey and absinthe, though other variants are possible. The gin/whiskey/absinthe variation receives a fair amount of commentary (and a picture!) here. Anyhow, according to "Preview 0029", Mordecai once got very intoxicated on Bunny Hugs and embarrassed the heck out of Viktor. Leave it to Tracy to bring up these repressed memories.
A cad, also called a rake or rakehell, is a historic term for an immoral man, frequently a heartless womanizer. The term originated in the 17th century. In "Bee-line", Rocky teasingly calls Freckle a cad with regards to Ivy.
Chloral hydrate is a sedative and hypnotic drug, as well as a chemical reagent and precursor. It was widely used and misprescribed in the late 19th century.. In "Lassitude", Dr. Quackenbush tells Mitzi that he has given Viktor a dose of chloral hydrate while treating his chest injury.
Craps is a dice game in which players place wagers on the outcome of one or multiple rolls. Wikipedia has an article about craps here. Lackadaisy has a craps table that characters use for cover in "Malarkey".
Dixie is a nickname for the southern United States. According to Wikipedia, the Oxford English Dictionary states that the nickname's origin is obscure, while A Dictionary of Americanisms on Historical Principles (1951), by Mitford M. Mathews espouses three possible theories. For more about that, check out the Wikipedia article. In "Somersault", Rocky states that Freckle is as, "dear to (him) as Dixie was to Lee".
An escape artist is someone practiced at escaping from restraints or other traps. The art of doing this is called escapology. In a partially-obscured letter to Freckle shown in "Correspondence", Rocky seemed to indicate that he might pursue becoming an escape artist for a circus.
A flivver is a car, generally a small, cheap, old car. In "Latecomer", Ivy refers to Freckle's car as a flivver. As Ford Model T's in particular were called flivvers, this may suggest that Freckle's car is such a model.
Hephaestus was the Greek god of technology, blacksmiths, craftsmen, artisans, sculptors, metals, metallurgy, fire and volcanoes. His Roman equivalent was Vulcan. In a letter to Freckle that Rocky sent while working as a grill cook, he said, "Hephaestus help me!"
A hostler is a person employed in a stable to take care of horses. In "Correspondence", one of Rocky's letters to Freckle seems to mention that a hostler suggested that Rocky would make a good escape artist.
Irish reel is a style of dance that involves complex figurations and styling. It may be a solo or set dance. Reel itself is a musical style. In a letter to Freckle dated August, 1923, Rocky notes that a number of wasps he found inside a fiddle did not appreciate Irish reel music.
Kneecapping is a form of malicious wounding that involves injuring a victim's knee joint and kneecap, often with a firearm. "Heartstrings" establishes that Mordecai kneecapped Viktor as part of an attempt to convince Viktor to retire, shortly before Mordecai left Lackadaisy.
Robert Edward Lee (1807-1870) was a Confederate Army general during the American Civil War. In "Somersault", Rocky states that Freckle is as, "dear to (him) as Dixie was to Lee", most likely a reference to Robert E. Lee.
Little Lord Fauntleroy
Little Lord Fauntleroy is an English novel written by Frances Hodgson Burnett. It was first published as a serial between 1885-1886. The accompanying illustrations by Reginald Birch set fashion trends. In "Academia", Rocky refers to Wick as Little Lord Fauntleroy, likely referring to his appearance and genteel personality.
The Lindy Hop is an American Swing dance that evolved in the 1920s and '30s in Harlem, New York City. It experienced a revival in the 1980s. In "Wishy-washy", Ivy asks Freckle whether he knows the Lindy Hop and states that it is a new dance in New York.
Mata Hari was the stage name of Margaretha Geertruida "M'greet" Zelle. She was a Dutch dancer and courtesan accused of espionage and executed by firing squad in France in 1917. Mitzi used to perform what she referred to as the Mata Hari song.
McClure's Magazine was an American monthly magazine. During the 1920s it was primarily a women's magazine, but McClure's has an extensive history, including being credited with creating muckraking journalism. Check it out at Wikipedia. In "Growltiger", Ivy is reading a McClure's while waiting for Freckle.
Missouri Pacific Railroad
The Missouri Pacific Railroad was one of the first railroads in the United States west of the Mississippi River. On October 21, 1921, Rocky wrote a letter to Freckle while riding the Missouri Pacific Railroad.
A Molotov cocktail is an improvised explosive often used by those who do not have access to hand grenades, consisting of a bottle containing a flammable substance and an ignition source. Rocky uses Molotov cocktails when he attacks the pig farm during the events of "Blitzwagen" through "Schadenfreude".
A peccary is a medium-sized mammal that closely resembles a pig. They are found in the southwestern area of North America and throughout Central and South America. Avril, one of the pig farmers, speculates that some of the bones he and Emery discover in "Echolalia" are from peccaries.
Phylloxera are a type of insect originally native to eastern North America and known for feeding on the roots and leaves of grapevines. In "Briar-patch", Wick refers to a phylloxera infestation in Europe.
Quicklime, also called burnt lime or calcium oxide, is a white, caustic chemical compound. In "Quicklime", Mitzi mentions that the "mess" remaining after the pig farmers' failed attack on Lackadaisy can be cleaned up with quicklime, suggesting how she intends to deal with them.
A roustabout is a laborer who typically performs temporary, unskilled work. The term often refers to circus workers or natural gas or oil rig workers. Rocky once worked at a circus as a roustabout.
The Saturday Evening Post
The Saturday Evening Post is a bimonthly American magazine, though during the timeframe of Lackadaisy it was a weekly publication. The Saturday Evening Post published some of P.G. Wodehouse's work. Tracy noted The Saturday Evening Post as a specific example of a magazine in which Wodehouse's work would have appeared.
A shiv is a slang term for any sharp or pointed instrument used as a knife-like weapon. In "Academia", Rocky notes that while living with hobos sounds like fun, they tend to "shiv you and take your stuff".
A sickle mower is a farm implement that includes a long bar with sharp blades attached, used for cutting grass. In "Dead-run", Rocky and Ivy try to stop a hearse from pursuing them by causing it to run over a sickle mower.
Sisters of Mercy
The Sisters of Mercy, more properly the Religious Order of the Sisters of Mercy, is an order of Roman Catholic women vowed to serve people who suffer from poverty, sickness and lack of education with a special concern for women and children. In "Wherewithal", Wick asks Ivy if she has joined the Sisters of Mercy when she asks him for money to pay for medical assistance for Viktor.
A spring house is a building that was used for refrigeration in rural areas before electric refrigeration was available. It is usually a one-room building constructed over the source of a spring.. Rocky and Ivy find a spring house holding liquor in "Begorra".
The Perils of Pauline
The Perils of Pauline is a motion picture serial from 1914. Pauline is often cited as a famous example of a damsel in distress. In "Formaldehyde", Rocky notes that the pig farmers intended to have him reenact The Perils of Pauline.
A tire iron is a metal tool used in working with tires that have inner tubes. They have not been in common use since the 1950s. In "Retinue", Rocky is holding a tire iron in a threatening manner as he surprises Wick, though he apparently only means to scare him.
The Tommy gun, more properly called a Thompson submachine gun, is a firearm that became infamous during Prohibition. It was named for its inventor, John T. Thompson. The pig farmers are carrying Tommy guns when they break into Lackadaisy in "Drygulch".
The Treasury Department, more properly referred to as the Department of the Treasury, is an executive department and the treasury of the United States federal government. It was established in 1789. During the time of Lackadaisy, crimes relating to Prohibition would fall under the Department of the Treasury via the Bureau of Prohibition. In "Killjoy", in response to Zib's statement that Lackadaisy is being raided, Mitzi asks whether the Treasury Department is involved. Dom Drago tells Zib that he is an agent of the Treasury Department in "Revenuer".
Tuatha Dé Danann
A ukulele is a four-stringed form of Hawaiian guitar that originated in the 19th century. Mitzi has played the ukulele as a member of Zib's band, and in "Loggerheads", Asa offers to let Mitzi and the band perform at the Marigold Room.
Rudolph Valentino was an Italian actor and sex icon of the 1920s. He was known as the "Latin Lover". One film he starred in was The Sheik. In "Valentino", Viktor suggests that Mordecai return a woman's interested look with a Valentino-like expression. During the ensuing debate Mordecai at one point refers to Viktor as "Sheik".
Vanity Fair is a pop culture, fashion, and current affairs magazine. It was established in 1913 when Condé Nast purchased a men's fashion magazine and renamed it Dress and Vanity Fair. The magazine was ultimately renamed Vanity Fair in 1914.  In "Bee-line", Ivy is planning to bring Viktor at least one copy of Vanity Fair.
Antonio Vivaldi was an Italian Baroque composer, priest and violinist. In a letter to Freckle dated August, 1923, Rocky notes that a number of wasps nesting inside a fiddle did not seem to appreciate Vivaldi's music.
P. G. Wodehouse was an English humorist for more than seventy years, who lived from 1881 to 1975. Wodehouse's work was serialized in magazines such as The Saturday Evening Post.. Read more about him at Wikipedia here. In "Rhubarb", Ivy mentions that she was thinking about reading Viktor the latest Wodehouse.
- ^ Aloe vera at Wikipedia
- ^ a b c d e f g h i "Correspondence"
- ^ Amygdala at Wikipedia
- ^ Arraignment at Wikipedia
- ^ a b "Misdemeanor"
- ^ Bail at Wikipedia
- ^ Bakelite at Wikipedia
- ^ The Barrymore family at Wikipedia
- ^ Bench warrant at Wikipedia
- ^ Bevo at Wikipedia
- ^ Blackguard at Wiktionary
- ^ Bolshevik at Wikipedia
- ^ Breakaway at Wikipedia
- ^ Breeches at Wikipedia
- ^ "Preview 0029"
- ^ A Google search of Bunny Hugs
- ^ Cad at Wikipedia
- ^ Judaism 101:Expressions and Greetings
- ^ Charleston at Wikipedia
- ^ Chloral hydrate at Wikipedia
- ^ Dakotas at Wikipedia
- ^ Dionysus at Wikipedia
- ^ Dyspepsia at Wikipedia
- ^ Escapology at Wikipedia
- ^ Sengoídelc - Exclamations
- ^ Flivver at Wikipedia
- ^ Model T on Wikipedia
- ^ Gadabout at Dictionary.com
- ^ Gam at Dictionary.com
- ^ Hephaestus at Wikipedia
- ^ Hibernia at Wikipedia
- ^ Hostler at Wikipedia
- ^ Irish reel at Encyclopedia Britannica
- ^ Kankakee at Wikipedia
- ^ Kneecapping at Wikipedia
- ^ Robert Edward Lee at Wikipedia
- ^ Little Lord Fauntleroy at Wikipedia
- ^ The Lindy Hop at Wikipedia
- ^ Maryland Heights at Wikipedia
- ^ Mata Hari at Wikipedia
- ^ "Vestige"
- ^ Missouri Pacific Railroad at Wikipedia
- ^ Molotov Cocktail on Wikipedia
- ^ Nut zippers on Wikipedia
- ^ Peccary at Wikipedia
- ^ Phylloxera at Wikipedia
- ^ Pince-nez on Wikipedia
- ^ Quicklime at Wikipedia
- ^ Roustabout at Wikipedia
- ^ Saturday Evening Post at Wikipedia
- ^ a b "Rhubarb"
- ^ Shiv at Wikipedia
- ^ Sickle mower at Wikipedia
- ^ Sisters of Mercy at Wikipedia
- ^ "Formaldehyde"
- ^ Spiritus Frumenti at Henriette's Herbal Homepage
- ^ Spring house at Wikipedia
- ^ Still at Wikipedia.
- ^ Struggle Buggy defined at the Antique Automobile Club of America
- ^ "Bee-line"
- ^ "Gallivant"
- ^ The Perils of Pauline on Wikipedia
- ^ Tire iron at Wikipedia
- ^ The Tommy gun at Wikipedia
- ^ Bureau of Prohibition at Wikipedia
- ^ Department of the Treasury at Wikipedia
- ^ Tuatha Dé Danann at Wikipedia
- ^ Ukulele at Wikipedia
- ^ Rudolph Valentino at Wikipedia
- ^ Vanity Fair at Wikipeida
- ^ Vivaldi at Wikipedia
- ^ Vogue at Wikipeida
- ^ Wag at Dictionary.com